Artificial Insemination (AI)

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Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Canadia » Tue Apr 10, 2012 12:38 pm

Has anyone used artificial insemination with tams, or other breeds? It is an option I'm considering for the future and was wondering if someone could shed light on the process and costs of acquiring (including any contracts, how this would affect stud fees, etc.), preserving, and transporting (including importing & exporting) semen.

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Re: AI

Post by Booma » Tue Apr 10, 2012 1:02 pm

I'm also interested in this. Does it lower the chances of the bitch getting pregnant?
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Re: AI

Post by Sylvaen » Tue Apr 10, 2012 1:05 pm

This is also something that I am interested in, but have no personal experience with.
Experienced breeders always say that natural matings are best (and I totally agree) but I think with modern technology (and if there is no other option) AI could be very useful. Success rates are debatable though and you need an experienced veterinary clinic to handle the whole procedure - it is very common with cattle though and they quote success rates over over 90% so perhaps if you could get a livestock vet to do it (rather than a regular canine vet) it might be a better option. I have no idea about importing / exporting semen internationally though but I suppose there are proper means of distribution... I don't think FedEx would be too impressed if you handed them a zip-lock bag of goo to mail halfway across the world! hahaha :lol:
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Re: AI

Post by Booma » Tue Apr 10, 2012 1:29 pm

Yes or perhaps someone at an equine stud farm (I'd better start making some friends in high places lol).
Im getting a boy first, then in a couple years I hope to get a girl, but with only one male and one female the Aussie gene pool won't be very big so AI may be a good option.
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Re: AI

Post by Blustag » Tue Apr 10, 2012 3:05 pm

I dont bother with AI for several reasons. One it is not very successful...two...you would have to FULLY trust the person you
were getting semen from as they could use 'any' dog and 'not' the one you requested. ALso it is VERY expensive only to have it
fail at the end of the day.

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Re: AI

Post by Nino » Tue Apr 10, 2012 6:07 pm

I have been looking into this.. as I find it could be very useful despite some peoples disagreement on this.

The source I have found, a vet clinic here in Denmark that specializes in this, says that the success rate is around the same as a natural mating which I choose to believe that they know the best.

Besides this, it would be much less stressful for the bitch (or the male if he is the one traveling), and less expensive, probably, to take the trip to witness the semen donation from the male - thereby making sure that it IS the right dog sent - besides this it would clearly be a lot of trouble for the dog owner if they cheated with the semen, specially considering that DNA profiling would probably be made on the pups - and the owners of the dog would probably never be able to "sell a mating" again if they cheated.
Another plus with not exposing the bitch to the stress of travelling far away and thereby risk loosing the embryos because of stress
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Re: AI

Post by Blustag » Tue Apr 10, 2012 11:24 pm

Nino wrote:I have been looking into this.. as I find it could be very useful despite some peoples disagreement on this.

The source I have found, a vet clinic here in Denmark that specializes in this, says that the success rate is around the same as a natural mating which I choose to believe that they know the best.

Besides this, it would be much less stressful for the bitch (or the male if he is the one traveling), and less expensive, probably, to take the trip to witness the semen donation from the male - thereby making sure that it IS the right dog sent - besides this it would clearly be a lot of trouble for the dog owner if they cheated with the semen, specially considering that DNA profiling would probably be made on the pups - and the owners of the dog would probably never be able to "sell a mating" again if they cheated.
Another plus with not exposing the bitch to the stress of travelling far away and thereby risk loosing the embryos because of stress
I wasnt suggesting that a Tamaskan Breeder would cheat...just in general as I have heard of this happening before.
I do know people who have tried AI and it failed miserably. Also the person who I use regularly for all sperm tests, ovulation tests
etc who is an expert of long standing also told me about the failure rate so I have never bothered to take it any further.

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Re: AI

Post by Nino » Tue Apr 10, 2012 11:45 pm

oh okay :P thanks for clearing out ;)

I think you have to do it with the right people (experts)..
Problem with it is probably that if you only know of a few and those few (as an example) had bad experiences with it, it will be that that you judge from, but if you look at the same amount of natural matings they might fail just as often (specially if you are looking at the unlucky ones).. :)
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Re: AI

Post by JulieSmith » Tue Apr 10, 2012 11:51 pm

I would guess if possible it would be better to have both dogs do it as nature intended, but for breeders in remote places or Australia where there are not many dogs to breed with AI might be an option to try.

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Re: AI

Post by Booma » Wed Apr 11, 2012 12:06 am

Especially considering the cost of importing a dog here.
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Re: AI

Post by Marshall » Wed Apr 11, 2012 1:49 am

I'd think using AI would be a bit of a longer and harder procedure than using traditional mating for dogs. One reason is that the sperm must be cooled or frozen at a certain temperature if its not being used the same day or they will die...unless i'm wrong lol.

Another thing i'm thinking about is that in order to get the sample from the male a female in heat should be present, I guess to get him in the mood and then after waiting for that female to get in season the breeder the semen is shipped to must then wait for their own female to use for AI...but then again i'm going by the rules of livestock so maybe its possible to get semen from a dog without a female but idk for sure :)

And maybe my thoughts are a bit too exaggerated lolol please correct me if im wrong anywhere

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Re: AI

Post by Katlin » Wed Apr 11, 2012 6:15 am

I've seen it done several times and, excuse me for being morbid, but it's rather cool. Most bitch owners tend to ask for about 3 "applications" and it is done every day twice and then skip a day, and then done the next day (if that makes sense). Every time I've seen it done it has been successful but it does cost a fair amount.
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Re: AI

Post by Nino » Wed Apr 11, 2012 10:24 am

Marshall wrote:I'd think using AI would be a bit of a longer and harder procedure than using traditional mating for dogs. One reason is that the sperm must be cooled or frozen at a certain temperature if its not being used the same day or they will die...unless i'm wrong lol.

Another thing i'm thinking about is that in order to get the sample from the male a female in heat should be present, I guess to get him in the mood and then after waiting for that female to get in season the breeder the semen is shipped to must then wait for their own female to use for AI...but then again i'm going by the rules of livestock so maybe its possible to get semen from a dog without a female but idk for sure :)

And maybe my thoughts are a bit too exaggerated lolol please correct me if im wrong anywhere
I think you are over thinking it :lol:
Getting a dog to "deliver" is much easier than getting ex. a stallion or a bull to deliver (or a boar) since all of them would most likely need the smell of a "in heat" female of their own kind near to make their "contribution"
Dogs can be aroused a bit easier as far as I have read myself too online (okay.. it does really sounds disgusting when I write it like this! it's ALL because I have been looking into AI!)

There are experts that freeze and keep the sperm till it can be used.
The specialist I have found even has an offer where you can keep sperm samples with them for years by paying a yearly "rent" if you wan't to see how a male turns out, or you want to keep the genes of a special good/dear male to you for future use - I know of Irish Wolfhound breeders doing this with their young males to ensure that they will live long and thereby only using the males with the best quality and long-lived ones - since they have troubles with the breed dying at a very early age (around 7-9 years of age if I remember correctly), by using the semen from males living longer than normal they are trying to heighten the age of the breed (or their lines at least) all round.
The problem of waiting to see how old a male will turn out before using him would of-cause cause the problem of him dying before use, or at least getting to old.. therefore the frozen semen taken from when the male was young and very fertile is a great alternative :)
Katlin wrote:I've seen it done several times and, excuse me for being morbid, but it's rather cool. Most bitch owners tend to ask for about 3 "applications" and it is done every day twice and then skip a day, and then done the next day (if that makes sense). Every time I've seen it done it has been successful but it does cost a fair amount.
Well if you compare it to the amount of money used to fly a dog in (bitch or dog) and then home again, together with the person accompanying it and adds the stress to it.. it's not really too bad anymore.. comparing to a normal breeding with your own male or with a male near you, yes it's expensive..

I think it is rather normal that the dog provide several examples for the use of the bitch owner..
I would probably if I was doing it try to make an agreement with the stud owner for enough semen for 2 tries with 2 different heat cycles - as I think paying a bit more here I think could be a good thing considering if the first try fails then there would still be for another try, excluding an extra trip to get more semen from the male..
If the first mating works out well then the second could be saved for a future possible "breeding" and the Stud owner maybe get an amount per born pup from this or something (not exactly thought this one through yet :lol: )

Of-cause the sperm quality would have to be tested beforehand - it would be quite silly taking a big trip to get sperm (or actually doing any mating at all) and then never get any pups because the sperm quality was too bad..
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Re: AI

Post by Tiantai » Thu Apr 12, 2012 7:06 pm

Interesting topic Laura!

I don't know much about this how method works other than it being an artificial insemination injection but I know that some breeds like the French Bulldogs require this method since the males of that breed can no longer breed naturally due in part to many irresponsible breedings in the past which resulted with them having a smaller testicle and shortened penis. :shock:

Using this method has crossed my mind several times but I always thought that it may not be necessary for the Tamaskan breed. Besides, like Debby, I like the natural breeding method better because artificial insemination is more complex and if not done properly can be dangerous :? from my understanding so far at least
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Re: AI

Post by TeresaC » Fri Apr 13, 2012 2:50 am

I briefly looked into AI. We are very fortunate and have one of the best reproductive vets in the country here in our backyard. He is also one of five federally licensed vets so he can do reproductive work across state lines. In my general conversation with him it sounds that AI can be successful when done correctly. Sperm can be frozen until needed or cooled if it only needs to be stored for a few days.

Since the US is so large, in some cases it may make more sense to use AI than travel from coast to coast with a female in heat. Females can't be bred until their progesterone blood tests reach 5.0. It can be hours or days. This makes it difficult to for timing and when to take the road trip to the male.

I know I definitely want to know more about AI.
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Re: AI

Post by Blustag » Fri Apr 13, 2012 3:11 pm

Well Im not saying I wont do it but just havnt much faith. I could give it a go though given the right circumstances as I have
several stud dogs here ;)

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Re: AI

Post by Tiantai » Fri Apr 13, 2012 3:24 pm

On the bright side, it might save the burden of shipping a male dog oversea in the distant future unless the breeder on the other side also wants to raise that male dog. Though at the moment I don't know if this method of artificial sperm donation leading to artificial insemination has ever been done on any dogs yet. I know some few people on my continent have done it though including an anonymous man from where I live who donated his sperm to an Australian woman. But my guess for whether a breeder wants to have an AI for their female dog or not will always be mainly their own decision. It might come in handy one day but I still like the natural breeding method better. ;)
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Re: AI

Post by Sylvaen » Fri Apr 13, 2012 4:00 pm

fangjingtuanlucas wrote:Though at the moment I don't know if this method of artificial sperm donation leading to artificial insemination has ever been done on any dogs yet.
LOL of course it has... it's relatively common :lol:
unless you specifically mean Tamaskan Dogs??

Aaaaanyway, for those (few) of us living in Croatia I just found the correct import document for dog semen:
http://www.mps.hr/UserDocsImages/obrasc ... 20pasa.pdf
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Re: AI

Post by Tiantai » Fri Apr 13, 2012 5:00 pm

Just to clarify, I meant by "extracting the sperm from a male in one continent and then exporting it oversea to another continent" in AI a female on that end.

I know it's been done here a lot and I'm aware that it's been done between Canada and the US in which sperms from Canadian male dogs have been transferred into the States and Mexico and topsy turby. In fact, sperms from pit bull terriers have been transferred into Ontario to former pits breeders as a method of bypassing the "no stud breeding" policy for pit bulls' since the 2005 ban on the breeding of this breed was imposed by the ignorant government but most of the pups from these breedings are now just mutts since there are very little female pits available in my province for breeding after the law forced most of the remaining ones to be fixed. AI through the use of imported sperm is pretty much the only way to ensure that the breed survives here in my province since the law does not allow studs but does not prevent the AI of imported sperms from any dogs outside the province.
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Re: AI

Post by Nino » Fri Apr 13, 2012 5:54 pm

I don't think it have ever been done with an artificial sperm donation to be honest - normally it's just plain sperm donations :lol: ;)

It's not uncommon doing AI across the big Pond.. I have heard of several breeders doing it, just in a small group I am in on another (danish) dog Forum with DKK (Danish Kennel Club) breeders - if the best possible male or the most interesting male is across the globe, and you wan't to do that combination, then this is the way to do it, unless you are willing to fly one of the dogs the entire way (which I don't really think is the best possible solution, as you might have noticed hehe ;) ) and pay the expenses to do so, or use a male that you find less perfect or less desirable :)
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Re: AI

Post by Blustag » Fri Apr 13, 2012 5:55 pm

Yes you can send sperm around the world but it needs to be carefully packaged and documented for customs.

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Re: AI

Post by Nino » Fri Apr 13, 2012 6:29 pm

http://www.canicold.dk/english.html

This is the source I have been using (also been using)
the link includes a bit of english, for anyone interested :)
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Re: AI

Post by Tiantai » Fri Apr 13, 2012 8:58 pm

Thanks Lynn and Nino,

Yeah I was going ask about the method of packaging these things. AI by imported sperm is the only legal method that can be used for breeding pits in my province since there are little pit bull studs left here and that breeding those studs would results with a fine.
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Re: AI

Post by sierratam » Tue Sep 11, 2012 6:22 am

Well, Hawthorne and I will soon have personal experience with this (AI with fresh chilled semen sent across the U.S.). I live on the west coast of the U.S., and Hawthorne is on the east coast. I didn't want to ship my girl as I think she would be very stressed, which might affect her cycle. And it would be logistically difficult, if not impossible, to drive across the country in time to get the timing just right (unless I had a few weeks to drive to PA and sit around until the time is just right). So Tracy and I have read up on AI, found reproductive vets to work with, and will be giving it a shot in a week or so. Tracy's vet will perform a semen evaluation before shipment, and my vet will examine the semen upon arrival and just prior to insertion. Leilah just started her heat today! So we're both pretty excited about this! Wish us luck!

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Re: AI

Post by Hawthorne » Tue Sep 11, 2012 9:51 pm

I have to strongly disagree with some of the old posts on AI. AI does work, and is quite effective *if you have a vet who knows what they're doing*

There are several books on Canine reproduction out there, and three of which are excellent that I've read, and re-read. They're by Myra Savant Harris, and can be found here:
Advanced Canine Reproduction and Puppy Care:

Puppy Intensive Care:

Canine Reproduction and Whelping:

She discusses the importance of timing for AI. I also have to say that these should be must reads for anyone intending to breed dogs.

For those who are NTCA Members, we held a seminar with a leading Canine Reproductive Specialist (Dr. Sondel) at our 2012 Annual Breed Show. The audio file of this seminar is available to our membership. I will quote Dr. Sondel and say that "If you don't get the timing right, you might as well put it in their ear--because that's how effective it'd be." LOL! Dr. Sondel has a great sense of humor.

AI is a tool, and a great one. US Breeders are all good friends, and I doubt that anyone would send me "mystery dog" sperm. We have parentage tests that would reveal this--why would anyone risk it? Plus, with all of our dogs being microchipped, the collecting vet can verify the donor dog. AI will only help the Tam world who are spread out over many countries. :D
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Hawthorne » Thu Sep 13, 2012 1:18 am

Okay--to follow through on AI resources as we brought up in another thread:

Who out there has a stud dog who would be willing to do AI?

Of those willing, who has the resources (access to a reproductive vet) to do AI?

Of those folks, are you set up already with a reproductive vet? For International shipment?




To answer my own questions:
We have Darwin set up with a reproductive vet and are willing to do AI. I'm not sure about sending out international shipments, but I'll check. We can certainly receive them, though, as they have the facilities to store frozen samples.
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Wave2Tuffy » Thu Sep 13, 2012 10:31 am

I am fortunate to live 2hrs from a AI specialist. There are 2 such Vets in the state of NC. 1 of them being in Clayton, NC for those who may be interested. A wonderful office to deal with.

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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Lynwae » Thu Sep 13, 2012 11:00 am

Wave2Tuffy wrote:I am fortunate to live 2hrs from a AI specialist. There are 2 such Vets in the state of NC. 1 of them being in Clayton, NC for those who may be interested. A wonderful office to deal with.
OMG... Does that mean it could be possible to use Wave's for AI in Europe?

:o .... :twisted:

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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Sylvaen » Thu Sep 13, 2012 11:17 am

Wave2Tuffy wrote:I am fortunate to live 2hrs from a AI specialist. There are 2 such Vets in the state of NC. 1 of them being in Clayton, NC for those who may be interested. A wonderful office to deal with.
:D :D

I will have to double check with the local vet clinics here to see if any are specialized in reproduction - they *might* be able to do it (to know the basics, and be able to import and inseminate the semen) but the question is: how good are they at it? If they are relatively new or inexperienced with the procedure, then I would likely drive to a specialist clinic in Slovenia as the success rate would probably be much higher - if AI will be used, then it makes sense to spare no effort in attempting to achieve the maximum chance of success. This is definitely something that I would look into in the future and, when we have our own stud dog, I would certainly be willing to provide AI services to ALL registered TDR breeders worldwide (provided it would be a good genetic match). :)
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Hawthorne » Thu Sep 13, 2012 1:46 pm

Okay, how about if I list the stud dogs here and folks can fill me in (list from TDR website) :

Blustag Tadewi (Annu)
Blustag Goldeneye (Diesel)
Blustag Desert Orchid at Saxon (Odin)
Alba Rhudaur (Sampo)
Alba Ootek (Ayasca)
JJ Devil of Piru (Darwin)
Sugalba Pigs Might Fly (Dylan)

Jeager Vom Munsterland at Tarheel (Jeager)
Tarheel Rodanthe Wave (Wave)

Am I missing anyone?

(I know that Teresa has access to a fantastic repro vet for Dylan--so no questions there)
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Shadowgate » Thu Sep 13, 2012 3:08 pm

Something to consider when researching or planning an AI...

Depending on where you live you may or may not require an import permit for your semen shipment. As an example in Canada you do require a permit ($35). You would need to plan ahead because permits may have an expiry date, and take time to process. For example the application is said to be reviewed in 5 working days but the actual turnaround time to getting your permit varies. From the Canada Food and Inspection Agency (CFIA) website I could not find how long the permit was good for but rather that you can purchase a single use or mulitple use permits so perhaps in Canada there is no expiry date.

I found a report that was done in 2001 on semen importing and it showed places like USA and Netherlands not needing this type of permit...that is cool! It also showed United Kingdom/Great Britian needing an import permit which is valid for 8 months from rabies free countries. The report also showed that New Zeland the requirements for a permit depends on the country the seme is coming from...quite detailed...hope that changed in the last 11 years!!

Here is a link to the report (hope this works, if not you can always copy/paste)
http://www.ivis.org/advances/Concannon/ ... endix1.pdf

ALSO it is not always just the country you live in that needs a permit. In some cases the facility that is shipping the semen may be required to have an export permit...again for example in Canada the shipper DOES need this permit. (according to one of the clinics I deal with)

Personally I have the ability to go across the border into the US (I am only 40 mins from the border) and could have my female inseminated at a vet there where there is no permits needed :) And there is a good repo clinic not far from me just inside the US. :D
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Shadowgate » Thu Sep 13, 2012 3:20 pm

It would be great so see the "future prospects" listed... upcoming stud dogs who are either not old enough yet or not health tested yet. That way breeders could include these dogs in their research as well, with fingers crossed of course :)

I know the feeling when you plan a breeding and choices are limited, secure the breeding with the stud owner for the next heat and then suddenly there is a newly health tested dog available...that you had no idea was waiting on the sidelines and that would have been a great match to your girl! (So you hurry and get on the list for next year unless that was the last litter for you girl :( )
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Eventide » Fri Sep 14, 2012 1:39 am

Shadowgate wrote:It would be great so see the "future prospects" listed... upcoming stud dogs who are either not old enough yet or not health tested yet. That way breeders could include these dogs in their research as well, with fingers crossed of course :)

I know the feeling when you plan a breeding and choices are limited, secure the breeding with the stud owner for the next heat and then suddenly there is a newly health tested dog available...that you had no idea was waiting on the sidelines and that would have been a great match to your girl! (So you hurry and get on the list for next year unless that was the last litter for you girl :( )
Well, to start off this request, I am hoping to breed Max, as long as he passes all health tests (Hellroaring Canyon from Hawthorne Yellowstone Litter, Freyja X Dylan, January 11, 2012). He has already tested clear for DM. I have not had his parentage done yet and will wait until I have his hips scored to do that.

His temperament, as most know from the 2012 NTCA Dog Show this summer, is very gentle, sweet, and he is quite the social "butterfly :roll: as he must greet every dog, every person, and loves children and other animals (the smaller the better) and beg them to play with him :P . He's very smart (almost too smart as he generally outsmarts most adults ;) especially me). He now weighs approximately 70 pounds (haven't weighed him recently).

My biggest and only issue I would have with AI would be expense. Guess I better start saving now :|
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Rahne » Fri Sep 14, 2012 11:42 am

Dottie wrote: My biggest and only issue I would have with AI would be expense. Guess I better start saving now :|
Costs are usually paid for by the bitch owner who wants to use your male for breeding.

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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Wave2Tuffy » Sat Sep 15, 2012 1:16 am

Lynwae wrote:
Wave2Tuffy wrote:I am fortunate to live 2hrs from a AI specialist. There are 2 such Vets in the state of NC. 1 of them being in Clayton, NC for those who may be interested. A wonderful office to deal with.
OMG... Does that mean it could be possible to use Wave's for AI in Europe?

:o .... :twisted:
Wave is already "on ice" so to speak, in the USA, for future AI use....so Europe is possible :D

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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by AZDehlin » Sat Sep 15, 2012 8:13 am

Wave2Tuffy wrote: Wave is already "on ice" so to speak, in the USA, for future AI use....so Europe is possible :D
Bahaha, sounds funny when you say it like that :)

Hawthorne wrote:Okay, how about if I list the stud dogs here and folks can fill me in (list from TDR website) :

Blustag Tadewi (Annu)
Blustag Goldeneye (Diesel)
Blustag Desert Orchid at Saxon (Odin)
Alba Rhudaur (Sampo)
Alba Ootek (Ayasca)
JJ Devil of Piru (Darwin)
Sugalba Pigs Might Fly (Dylan)

Jeager Vom Munsterland at Tarheel (Jeager)
Tarheel Rodanthe Wave (Wave)

Am I missing anyone?
Rann?

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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Nino » Sun Sep 16, 2012 10:27 am

I believe Rann is still an option yes, also I believe there are some of the German dogs, however I am not aware of which would be possible for AI..


:cry: Wave was my choice for Sølve's second/third litter if Sølve was DM clear :cry: (yes I do think quite far out in the future when considering, a mate and one that would make the pups usable for breeding in the next gen)
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by TerriHolt » Sun Sep 16, 2012 7:46 pm

Nino wrote: Wave was my choice for Sølve's second/third litter if Sølve was DM clear (yes I do think quite far out in the future when considering, a mate and one that would make the pups usable for breeding in the next gen)
It's always good to think ahead ;)

I, for one, am pleased this has now become an option and it has opened a lot of doorways. I never understood why it was said to not be good altho i have my theory's...
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by TeresaC » Tue Oct 09, 2012 3:13 am

As Tracy said, I am lucky enough to have Dr. Sondel right here. He has been a fantastic resource and is only a phone call away. Here are a few things to think about.

For US breeders, you will need a vet who is USDA certified to ship semen to another country. Not only do you need a reproductive vet, but one who is federally licensed. I also believe this is correct when receiving an import from another country. Dr. Sondel is both state and federally licensed and very experienced in shipping world wide. So yes, Dylan is an option.

Another important factor is how the semen is frozen. The best scenario is to have it slowly frozen using a gas nitrous instead of liquid nitrous. It freezes the sperm more slowly causing less of them to die in the process and more viable sperm per "dosage'" The collecting vet should have enough experience to know what kind of kill rate is typical with the freezing process they use so they can ensure there are enough good swimmers in each dose.

We do a 7 point analysis on the semen to know what percentage are live, strong forward swimmers, etc. Using these test results helps determine what needs to be collected and shipped for each breeding. There is a "magic" number of live swimmers that is wanted.

Finally, I can't believe I'm typing up a message about sperm and swimmers. Dr. Sondel's excitement about reproduction must be rubbing off!
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Re: Artificial Insemination (AI)

Post by Nino » Tue Oct 09, 2012 1:42 pm

TeresaC wrote:As Tracy said, I am lucky enough to have Dr. Sondel right here. He has been a fantastic resource and is only a phone call away. Here are a few things to think about.

For US breeders, you will need a vet who is USDA certified to ship semen to another country. Not only do you need a reproductive vet, but one who is federally licensed. I also believe this is correct when receiving an import from another country. Dr. Sondel is both state and federally licensed and very experienced in shipping world wide. So yes, Dylan is an option.

Another important factor is how the semen is frozen. The best scenario is to have it slowly frozen using a gas nitrous instead of liquid nitrous. It freezes the sperm more slowly causing less of them to die in the process and more viable sperm per "dosage'" The collecting vet should have enough experience to know what kind of kill rate is typical with the freezing process they use so they can ensure there are enough good swimmers in each dose.

We do a 7 point analysis on the semen to know what percentage are live, strong forward swimmers, etc. Using these test results helps determine what needs to be collected and shipped for each breeding. There is a "magic" number of live swimmers that is wanted.

Finally, I can't believe I'm typing up a message about sperm and swimmers. Dr. Sondel's excitement about reproduction must be rubbing off!
Yeah You never knew how much that would actually mean to You when coming into the breed eh? :lol:
Welcome to the world of reproduction - I am even talking swimmers and sperm with my partner and people on another forum too :lol:
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